Research Library

Working Paper
King, Gary, and Melissa Sands. Working Paper. “How Human Subjects Research Rules Mislead You and Your University, and What to Do About it”. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Universities require faculty and students planning research involving human subjects to pass formal certification tests and then submit research plans for prior approval. Those who diligently take the tests may better understand certain important legal requirements but, at the same time, are often misled into thinking they can apply these rules to their own work which, in fact, they are not permitted to do. They will also be missing many other legal requirements not mentioned in their training but which govern their behaviors. Finally, the training leaves them likely to completely misunderstand the essentially political situation they find themselves in. The resulting risks to their universities, collaborators, and careers may be catastrophic, in addition to contributing to the more common ordinary frustrations of researchers with the system. To avoid these problems, faculty and students conducting research about and for the public need to understand that they are public figures, to whom different rules apply, ones that political scientists have long studied. University administrators (and faculty in their part-time roles as administrators) need to reorient their perspectives as well. University research compliance bureaucracies have grown, in well-meaning but sometimes unproductive ways that are not required by federal laws or guidelines. We offer advice to faculty and students for how to deal with the system as it exists now, and suggestions for changes in university research compliance bureaucracies, that should benefit faculty, students, staff, university budgets, and our research subjects.

Frankel, J. Forthcoming. “Mauritius: African Success Story”. Publisher's Version Download PDF
Warikoo, N. Forthcoming. “Race, Ethnicity and Cultural Processes in Education: New Frames for New Times.” Education in a New Society: Renewing the Sociology of Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McClendon, Gwyneth H. Forthcoming. “Individualism and Empowerment in Pentecostal Sermons: New Evidence from Nairobi, Kenya.” African Affairs. Oxford University Press.Abstract

Pentecostal and Charismatic churches are rapidly growing in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and the developing world. In this paper we present new evidence on the theologies and activities of these popular churches, having gathered sermon texts and interview data from a random sample of them in Nairobi, Kenya. We find that Pentecostal churches in Nairobi are remarkably consistent in the messages they disseminate, despite greatvariation in church and membership characteristics across congregations. We argue that the dominant theme in the sermons is a focus on cultivating believers' sense of their own potential and autonomy as individuals. Other topics commonly associated with Pentecostal churches, such as getting rich quickly and social conservatism, are not as central. The focus on individual autonomy also stands in stark contrast to more collectivist agendas of social change. Indeed, the individualist theme is accompanied by a relative lack of social service provision, reflecting an approach to economic development that focuses on individual mental transformation rather than material handouts or systemic reform.

Norris, Pippa, and Alessandro Nai, ed. 2017. Election Watchdogs: Transparency, Accountability, Compliance and Integrity.
Norris, Pippa. 2017. Strengthening Electoral Integrity.. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Jr., Joseph S. Nye. 2016. “Where in the World Are We?.” Democracy: a Journal of Ideas 40.
Lamont, Michèle, Matthew Clair, and Caitlin Daniel. 2016. “Destigmatization andHealth: Cultural Constructions and the Long-term Reduction of Stigma.” Social Science & Medicine 1 (10).
Lamont, Michèle, Mabel Berezin, Alonzo Plough, and Matthew Trujillo. 2016. “Mutuality, Mobilization, and Messaging for Health Promotion: Toward Collective Cultural Change.” Social Science and Medicine, no. Special Issue.
Warikoo, N. 2016. “Who is Affirmative Action For?.” Boston Globe. Publisher's Version
Lamont, Michèle, Jonathan J. B Mijs, and Elyas Bakhtiari. 2016. “Neoliberalism and SymbolicBoundaries in Europe: Global Diffusion, Local Context, Regional Variation.” Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 2: 1-8.
Domínguez, Jorge I. 2016. “La economía de Cuba ingresa al cuarto quinquenio del siglo XXI: Introducción al dossie.” Cuban Studies 44: 3-18.
Norris, Pippa. 2016. “Electoral integrity in East Asia.” Taiwan Journal of Democracy 12 (1): 1-18.
Norris, Pippa. 2016. “Why electoral integrity matters.” International Political Science Review.
Domínguez, Jorge I. 2016. “La economía de Cuba ingresa al cuarto quinquenio del siglo XXI: Introducción al dossier.” Cuban Studies 44: 2-18.
Warikoo, N. 2016. The Diversity Bargain: And Other Dilemmas of Race, Admissions, and Meritocracy at Elite Universities. University of Chicago Press. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Field, E., S. Jayachandran, R. Pande, and N. Rigol. 2016. “Friendship at Work: Can Peer Effects Catalyze Female Entrepreneurship?.” American Economic Journal: Public Policy 8 (2): 125-153. Publisher's Version Download PDF
Frankel, J. 2016. “Liberalism.” The Age of Reflection 2 (10). Download PDF
Pande, R., T. Besely, J. Leight, and V. Rao. 2016. “Long-Run Impacts of Land Regulation: Evidence from Tenancy Reform in India.” Journal of Development Economics 118 (1): 72-87. Download PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Veronica Boix Mansilla, and Kyoko Sato. 2016. “Shared Cognitive-Emotional-Interactional Platforms: Markers and Conditions for Successful Interdisciplinary Collaborations.” Science, Technology, & Human Values 41 (4): 571-612. Publisher's Version