Research Library

Levitsky, Steven. 2003. Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge University Press. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Why did some Latin American labor-based parties adapt successfully to the contemporary challenges of neoliberalism and working class decline while others did not? Drawing on a detailed study of the Argentine Peronism, as well as a broader comparative analysis, this book develops an organizational approach to party change. Levitsky's study breaks new ground in its focus on informal and weakly institutionalized party structures. It argues that loosely structured party organizations, such as those found in many populist labor-based parties, are often better equipped to adapt to rapid environmental change than are more bureaucratic labor-based parties. The argument is illustrated in the case of Peronism, a mass labor-based party with a highly fluid internal structure. The book shows how this weakly routinized structure allowed party reformers to undertake a set of far-reached coalitional and programmatic changes that enabled Peronism to survive, and even thrive, in the neoliberal era.

Pistor, Katharina, and Chenggang Xu. 2003. “Deterrence and Regulatory Failure in Emerging Financial Markets: Comparing China and Russia”.Abstract

Transition economies faced the formidable task of creating financial markets to ensure that enterprises gained access to external sources of funds under circumstances that were unfavorable for such markets to take off. The two major obstacles for financial market development we identify in this paper are highly incomplete law and the absence of reliable company specific information. We argue that in light of these obstacles standard law enforcement practices, including deterrence and reactive law enforcement by courts, and ex ante screening and proactive law enforcement by regulators are not effective. To jumpstart financial markets under these circumstances, other avenues have to be explored. We suggest that China, but not Russia, has been quite successful in seeking such alternatives. We identify the decentralized process of selecting companies for listing on major stock exchanges as a means for collecting company specific information that cannot be easily standardized and would therefore remain unexplored in a system that relied only on financial reporting and disclosure. While state agents involved in the selection process may have incentives to select lemons rather than viable firms for listing, we argue that the competition among different regions and ministries instilled by the so–called quota system has mitigated these dangers. By contrast, Russia?s reliance on a standard Western disclosure system with law enforcement by a combination of courts and regulators not paid off so far. On the contrary, uncertainties about the effectiveness of law enforcement and absence of reliable information have restrained financial market development. Evidence on lower co–movement of stock in China than in Russia lends support to our theoretical analysis.

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Norris, Pippa, Christian Welzel, and Ronald Inglehart. 2003. “Gender equality and democracy.” Comparative Sociology 1 (3-4): 321-346.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Le Divorce: Who is to blame for the transatlantic rift?.” Compass: A Journal of Leadership 1 (1): 22-25.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Message or Medium? Campaign learning during the 2001 British general election.” Communication 20 (3): 233-262.
Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart. 2003. “Muslims and the West: Testing the ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Thesis.” Comparative Sociology 1 (3-4): 235-265.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Preaching to the Converted? Pluralism, Participation and Party Websites.” Party Politics 9 (1): 21-45.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Social Capital and ICTs:Widening or reinforcing social networks?.” Eco-Forum 22 (11): 31-41.
Inglehart, Ronald, and Pippa Norris. 2003. “The True Clash of Civilizations?.” Foreign Policy, no. March/April: 63-70.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Tuned out voters? Media Impact on Campaigns.” Ethical Perspectives 9 (3).
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Zappers in de politiek? De invloed van de media op verkiezingscampagnes.” Ethische Perspectieven 12 (2): 86-102.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “The bridging and bonding role of online communities.” Society Online: The Internet in Context. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Digital divide.” The Information Society Reader. London: Routledge.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Do institutions matter? The consequences of electoral reform for political participation..” Rethinking the Vote. Oxford University Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Global governance and cosmopolitan citizens.” The Global Transformations Reader, 2nd ed., 287-298. Cambridge: Polity Press, 287-298.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Globale politische Kommunikation: Freie Medien, Gutes Regieren undWohlstandsentwicklung.” Politische Kommunikation Im Internationalen Vergleich. Germany: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Il divario digitale globale: poverta informative, Internet e sviluppo.” Quale Futuro Per Il Commercio Electtronico? Milan: Franco Angeli.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Representation and the democratic deficit.” The Democracy Sourcebook. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2003. “Still a public service ethos? Work values, experience and job satisfaction among government workers.” For the People: Public Service in the 21st Century. Washington DC: Brookings Institute Press.
Norris, Pippa, and Ronald Inglehart. 2003. “Teoria rozwojowa rőznic między płciami: zachowania wyborcze kobiet I mężczyzn w ujęciuglobalnym.” Aktorzy zycia publicznego: Płeć jako czynnik rŏżnicyjący. Warsaw: Scholar Press.